The human papillomavirus (HPV) and recent findings in relation to oral cancer.
HPV is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) more prevalent today. She is responsible for 70% of cancers affecting the vagina, 70% of anal cancers in men and women and more than 90% of cervical cancers, 60% of oropharyngeal cancers (throat) and 1 / 3 of all cancers oral cavity and pharynx.
Among more than 100 types of HPV that are spread through the population, at least 10 of them are responsible for killing 500,000 people a year worldwide, and prevention is still the best medicine.
In August 2006 ANVISA approved a vaccine effective against the four most prevalent types in genital warts in men and women, including types 16 and 18 are the great villains of the onset of cancer.
The HPV-related oral manifestations are diverse: papilloma, condyloma acuminatum, verruca vulgaris, focal epithelial hyperplasia, leukoplakia, lichen planus and carcinoma, through the 24 types found in the mouth, and these diseases in most cases require surgical removal and therapy monitoring.
The types of HPV infection to oral self-inoculation and oral sex, but not yet discarded the kiss as a way of transmitting the virus. Data show that the diversity of partners increases the risk of contracting the disease.